HITRAN is an acronym for high-resolution transmission molecular absorption database. HITRAN is a compilation of spectroscopic parameters that a variety of computer codes use to predict and simulate the transmission and emission of light in the atmosphere.
Three articles that are very helpful in assisting users in learning how to work with new tools and parameters in the HITRAN database have just been published in JQSRT. They are free to download from ScienceDirect using links provided below until mid-June.
1. Article describing structure and working capabilities of HITRANonline (www.hitran.org)
2. Article describing working capabilities of HITRAN Application Programming Interface (HAPI) (www.hitran.org/hapi)
3. Article describing implementation of the Hartmann-Tran profile in the HITRAN database
The 13th ASA Conference (united with 14th HITRAN Conference) will be held in Reims France in August 2016. The second circular of the meeting is now available at
This is a video tutorial for using HITRANonline. Users are given an overview of the capabilities of the system, including creating their own output formats, access to the sources of data, and the parameters that are new with respect to the traditional 160-character .par files. The link for the tutorial is
The HITRAN support e-mail has now been established and our team is ready for questions!
Recent experimental measurements and calculations were used to update the self- and air- broadening coefficients (with their temperature dependencies) of all CH3Cl lines. The 1900-2600 cm-1 spectral region was completely revised, with line positions and intensities calculated based on the recently analyzed Fourier transform spectra in the range of 1900-2600 cm-1 (Nikitin et al, JQSRT (2016) 177, 49–58).
The details of the entire update are given in the report. Note that unlike the file associated with the Zenodo report, no new lines have been added to HITRANonline yet, i.e. only parameters of existing lines have been updated at this time.
The IUPAC-recommended Hartmann-Tran profile (Tran et al, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 129, 199-203 (2013); J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 134, 104 (2014)) is now implemented in the database. At this time it is implemented for self-broadening and shifting in four temperature regimes. Overall, 27 new parameters are added. The hydrogen molecule was chosen as a test case and every line of H2 now has these parameters. The description of how these parameters were derived and details of parametrization are given in the article Wcislo et al. “The implementation of non-Voigt line profiles in the HITRAN database: H2 case study” that is JQSRT, 177, 75-91 (2016).
Note that no such parameters have been added to the HD isotopologue yet. Also we removed 527 transitions of H2 that correspond to high vibrational overtones. This was because there were numerical issues in calculating the intensities of these transitions. Medvedev et al, J. Chem. Phys. 143, 154301 (2015) explain how the use of double precision in calculating overtone intensities may lead to numerical errors and that quadruple precision is needed.
The air-broadening coefficients of HO2 have been updated using an algorithm described in the report by Tan et al, "The air-broadening coefficients of HO2". This algorithm was derived based on recent experimental measurements. For the self-broadening, a default estimate value of 0.3 cm-1/atm was assigned to all transitions.
For H2O2, the measurements of the air-broadening halfwidths from Malathy Devi et al, Appl.Opt. 25, 1844-1847 (1986); Goyette et al, JQSRT 40, 129–134 (1988); and Sato et al, JQSRT 111, 821–825 (2010) were included for the corresponding transitions. The majority of the air-broadened coefficients in the database still have same value of 0.1 cm-1/atm estimated from the measurements of Malathy Devi et al.
Broadening and shift parameters due to the foreign broadeners H2, He, and CO2 have been added to HITRAN for the first time. Currently, the corresponding half-widths, their temperature dependences and pressure-induced shifts by these perturbers for every HITRAN line of SO2, NH3, HF, HCl, OCS and C2H2 can be retrieved from HITRANonline. For HCl-H2 one can also obtain the temperature dependence of the shift. The data are described in the article Wilzewski et al. “H2, He, and CO2 line-broadening coefficients, pressure shifts and temperature-dependence exponents for the HITRAN database. Part 1: SO2, NH3, HF, HCl, OCS and C2H2” that was just published in JQSRT. JQSRT 168, 193–206 (2016).
The values of line positions and lower-state energies for the O atom have been reverted to those given in the HITRAN1996-2000 editions. They originate from L.R. Zink, K.M. Evenson, F. Matsushima, T. Nelis, R.L. Robinson, "Atomic oxygen fine-structure splittings with tunable far-infrared spectroscopy", Astrophysical Journal, Part 2 - Letters 371, L85-L86 (1991). The HITRAN2004-2012 editions used now outdated values from the JPL catalogue, although the reference code still erroneously pointed to the work of Zink et al. The older JPL values have since been fixed in the JPL catalogue, and consequently we reverted back to the more accurate values of Zink et al.