HITRAN is an acronym for high-resolution transmission molecular absorption database. HITRAN is a compilation of spectroscopic parameters that a variety of computer codes use to predict and simulate the transmission and emission of light in the atmosphere.
There are now over 25000 users registered on www.hitran.org
The data on this website corresponds to the HITRAN2020 edition of the database. The HITRAN2020paper describing the new edition is available in Open Access
Gordon, I.E., Rothman, L.S., Hargreaves, R.J., Hashemi, R., Karlovets, E.V., Skinner, F.M., Conway, E.K., Hill, C., Kochanov, R.V., Tan, Y., Wcisło, P., Finenko, A.A., Nelson, K., Bernath, P.F., Birk, M., Boudon, V., Campargue, A., Chance, K.V., Coustenis, A., Drouin, B.J., Flaud, J. –M., Gamache, R.R., Hodges, J.T., Jacquemart, D., Mlawer, E.J., Nikitin, A.V., Perevalov, V.I., Rotger, M., Tennyson, J., Toon, G.C., Tran, H., Tyuterev, V.G., Adkins, E.M., Baker, A., Barbe, A., Canè, E., Császár, A.G., Dudaryonok, A., Egorov, O., Fleisher, A.J., Fleurbaey, H., Foltynowicz, A., Furtenbacher, T., Harrison, J.J., Hartmann, J. –M., Horneman, V. –M., Huang, X., Karman, T., Karns, J., Kassi, S., Kleiner, I., Kofman, V., Kwabia–Tchana, F., Lavrentieva, N.N., Lee, T.J., Long, D.A., Lukashevskaya, A.A., Lyulin, O.M., Makhnev, V.Y., Matt, W., Massie, S.T., Melosso, M., Mikhailenko, S.N., Mondelain, D., Müller, H.S.P., Naumenko, O.V., Perrin, A., Polyansky, O.L., Raddaoui, E., Raston, P.L., Reed, Z.D., Rey, M., Richard, C., Tóbiás, R., Sadiek, I., Schwenke, D.W., Starikova, E., Sung, K., Tamassia, F., Tashkun, S.A., Auwera, J. Vander, Vasilenko, I.A., Vigasin, A.A., Villanueva, G.L., Vispoel, B., Wagner, G., Yachmenev, A., Yurchenko, S.N. The HITRAN2020 molecular spectroscopic database. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 277, 107949 (2022).
==> Note that we are constantly making ongoing improvements and additions to many molecular bands. Updates, improvements, and corrections to the edition are posted in the "Database Updates" panel located on the home page of the HITRAN website. When citing the database, it is recommended to indicate if an updated version of the HITRAN2020 edition was used.
Please e-mail us (firstname.lastname@example.org) a summary of any serious problems you encounter (or successes or suggestions).
A review article describing the history of the HITRAN database by Larry Rothman was just published in Nature Reviews Physics. https://doi.org/10.1038/s42254-021-00309-2
The HITEMP database has been expanded to include methane. The data is available through the HITEMP section of the website (https://hitran.org/hitemp/), with a python tool for extracting the compressed file. Further details are described by Hargreaves et al. (2020) (doi:10.3847/1538-4365/ab7a1a).
The HITRAN support e-mail has been established and our team is ready for questions.
The self-broadening parameters of the H2 lines under the traditional .par format (Voigt profile parametrization) were updated using the corresponding parameters from the Hartmann-Tran profile parametrization reported in Wcisło et al. (2016). Specifically, γself, nself and δself were updated using values corresponding to γHT_0_self(296), nHT_0_self(296), δHT_0_self(296). Typically, it is not recommended to use Lorentzian widths determined with different profiles, however, it is still better than using the coarse approximation employed previously. The same parameters were also cloned for γH2, nH2 and δH2.
The line list for water vapor above 4340 cm-1 has been revised based on the evaluations carried out by Eli Mlawer and Mike Iacono (AER) using TCCON spectra from the Lamont site. The changes could be summarized into these categories:
1. Line shift parameters in HITRAN2020 that originated from Ref. ( https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jqsrt.2020.107030) were found to have errors for certain bands, resulting for instance in a large amount of positive values. While these models are being improved, the issue was fixed in the following way: The shifts that affected the quality of the residuals have been reverted back to the HITRAN2016 values or replaced with those from the AER list, which contains manual modifications of the HITRAN2016 parameters to better match the TCCON spectra.
2. The air-broadened half-widths that affected the quality of the residuals have been reverted back to the HITRAN2016 values or replaced with those from the AER list "aer3.8.1" ( https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5120012), which contains manual modifications of the HITRAN2016 parameters to better match the TCCON spectra.
3. The intensities in the 4ν2+ν3 band were scaled down by 22%, while individual intensities (of ab initio origin) in different bands had to be scaled to match the TCCON spectra.
4. As pointed out by Alain Campargue (Grenoble), a large percentage of the lines in HITRAN2020 that were referencing W2020 MARVEL line list for the line positions were deviating slightly from the line positions in the original W2020 work. This has now been fixed.
It should be noted that the aforementioned changes affect primarily the principal isotopologue. Also, the line position changes proposed in ( https://doi.org/10.1080/00268976.2022.2051762) have not been implemented yet, but they are unlikely to impact the strong lines.
It was found that in the process of combining different line lists of ozone for HITRAN2020, the lines of the principal isotopologues of ozone in the 850-980 cm-1 spectral region were accidentally omitted. These lines are now restored. Although most of these transitions are relatively weak, they are still important in remote sensing applications. We thank Norbert Glatthor (KIT) for pointing out this issue.
The data on this website corresponds to the HITRAN2020 edition. The updates to this edition will be announced in this section as they appear